ANEMIA is a disease that is growing at a rapid pace mostly in women. Unhealthy and improper diet is the major cause of anemia. Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues.
Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia is a lowered blood cell count due to a lack of vitaminB12.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
When your body does not have enough iron, it will make fewer red blood cells or red blood cells that are too small. This is called iron deficiency anemia.
Your body needs vitamin B12 to make red blood cells. In order to provide vitamin B12 to your cells:
• You must eat plenty of foods that contain vitamin B12, such as meat, poultry, shellfish, eggs, and dairy products.
• Your body must absorb enough vitamin B12. A special protein, called intrinsic factor helps your body do this. This protein is released by cells in the stomach.
A lack of vitamin B12 may be due to dietary factors, including:
• Eating a vegetarian diet
• Poor diet in infants
• Poor nutrition during pregnancy
You may not have symptoms. Symptoms may be mild.
Symptoms can include:
• diarrheaor constipation
• fatigue, lack of energy, or light-headedness when standing up or with exertion
• loss of appetite, pale skin
• Problems concentrating
• Shortness of breath mostly during exercise
• Swollen, red tongue or bleeding gums
• Feeling grumpy and weak
• Brittle nails
• Blue color to the whites of eyes
• Sore tongue
If you have low vitamin B12 levels for a long time, you can have nerve damage.